Schutzgebiete der Welt

Hier finden Sie die Länder der Erde und die Anzahl ihrer Schutzgebiete.

Grundlage sind die Kriterien der World Conservation Union (IUCN). Die angegebene "Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer" und die "Anzahl der Schutzgebiete" sind gemäß der IUCN Kriterien I und II geschützt (Stand 2020).

Mehr über die Kriterien der IUCN

Land für die Natur schützen

 

Land

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ägypten

               985,00

                236,61

                          14,00

                          7

 

 

Äquatorialguinea

                 27,14

                310,37

                          25,00

                          4

 

 

Äthopien

     1.135.429,00

                       -  

                          16,35

                        17

 

 

Afghanistan

               642,90

                       -  

                            8,33

                          1

 

 

Albanien

                 28,75

                  11,20

                            2,11

                        17

 

 

Algerien

            2.324,46

                128,99

                          20,51

                        16

 

 

Andorra

               472,00

                       -  

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Angola

            1.255,22

                493,75

                          57,14

                          8

 

 

Antigua und Barbuda

               455,00

                108,49

                          18,75

                          3

 

 

Argentinien

            2.785,33

             1.083,15

                          22,49

                      103

 

 

Armenien

                 29,69

                       -  

                          19,44

                          7

 

 

Aserbaidschan

                 86,64

                  79,03

                          43,24

                        16

 

 

Australien

            7.722,10

             7.432,13

                          30,77

                   3.839

 

 

B

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Bahamas

                 13,46

                597,71

                          12,96

                          7

 

 

Bahrain

               687,00

                    7,63

                          12,50

                          1

 

 

Bangladesch

               140,16

                  84,56

                          33,33

                        17

 

 

Barbados

               444,00

                185,02

                          33,33

                          3

 

 

Belarus

               207,23

                       -  

                            1,07

                          5

 

 

Belgien

                 30,68

                    3,47

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Belize

                 22,30

                  36,25

                          21,67

                        26

 

 

Benin

               116,10

                  30,43

                            3,39

                          2

 

 

Bhutan

                 39,93

                       -  

                          28,57

                          6

 

 

Bolivien

            1.089,91

                       -  

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Bosnien und Herzegowina

                 51,23

                  13,00

                          30,00

                          6

 

 

Botswana

               581,16

                       -  

                          59,09

                        13

 

 

Brasilien

            8.529,40

             3.672,58

                          20,09

                      643

 

 

Brunei Darussalam

                   5,96

                  25,70

                          51,79

                        29

 

 

Bulgarien

               110,86

                  35,17

                            4,08

                        58

 

 

Burkina Faso

               276,40

                       -  

                            3,13

                          3

 

 

Burundi

                 27,21

                       -  

                          42,86

                          9

 

 

C

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Chile

               759,82

             3.657,31

                          23,22

                        49

 

 

China

            9.361,61

                878,36

                            5,79

                          7

 

 

Costa Rica

                 51,64

                576,11

                          20,60

                        34

 

 

D

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Dänemark

                 45,31

                100,47

                            0,73

                          8

 

 

Demokratische Republik Kongo

            2.344,28

                  13,27

                          23,07

                        12

 

 

Demokratische Volksrepublik Korea

               122,19

                115,97

                          26,47

                          9

 

 

Deutschland

               357,58

                  56,36

                            0,07

                        16

 

 

Dominica

               766,00

                  28,75

                          44,44

                          4

 

 

Dominikanische Republik

                 48,51

                270,77

                          31,97

                        47

 

 

Dschibuti

                 21,84

                    7,03

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

E

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Ecuador

               258,14

             1.079,90

                            1,23

                          1

 

 

El Salvador

                 20,57

                  94,24

                            0,60

                          1

 

 

Eritrea

               121,83

                  78,83

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Estland

                 45,42

                  36,35

                            2,55

                      369

 

 

F

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Fidschi

                 19,16

             1.293,04

                          12,33

                          8

 

 

Finnland

               337,73

                  79,47

                            2,59

                      389

 

 

Frankreich

               548,95

                831,96

                            1,65

                        90

 

 

G

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Gabun

               266,05

                193,29

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Gambia

                 10,76

                  22,75

                          33,33

                          4

 

 

Georgien

                 69,97

                  22,91

                          30,34

                        27

 

 

Ghana

               240,33

                226,76

                            2,18

                          7

 

 

Grenada

               374,00

                  26,28

                          16,33

                          8

 

 

Griechenland

               133,01

                494,17

                            2,80

                        36

 

 

Guatemala

               109,92

                118,34

                            2,88

                        10

 

 

Guinea-Bissau

                 34,02

                106,51

                            5,56

                          2

 

 

Guinea

               246,43

                110,14

                            1,58

                          2

 

 

Guyana

               211,20

                136,91

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

H

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Haiti

                 27,39

                123,87

                          45,00

                          9

 

 

Honduras

               113,29

                219,97

                          32,20

                        38

 

 

I

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Indien

            3.061,19

             2.301,23

                          13,99

                        94

 

 

Indonesien

            1.906,56

             5.947,95

                          29,20

                      214

 

 

Irak

               437,83

                596,00

                            8,70

                          2

 

 

Iran

            1.627,86

                224,80

                            8,65

                        16

 

 

Irland

                 70,13

                426,44

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Island

               102,30

                752,78

                            5,46

                          7

 

 

Israel

                 20,96

                  27,86

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Italien

               301,34

                538,88

                            3,61

                      141

 

 

J

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Jamaika

                 11,06

                246,49

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Japan

               374,09

             4.040,61

                            1,36

                        67

 

 

Jemen

               455,94

                548,01

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Jordanien

                 89,69

                  94,00

                            6,25

                          2

 

 

K

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Kambodscha

               182,51

                  47,97

                          13,33

                          6

 

 

Kamerun

               469,43

                  14,70

                          53,06

                        26

 

 

Kanada

            9.955,03

             5.698,08

                          31,69

                   2.616

 

 

Kap Verde

                   4,15

                801,07

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Kasachstan

            2.719,83

                119,09

                          10,09

                        11

 

 

Katar

                 11,44

                  31,99

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Kenia

               586,77

                112,40

                            8,76

                        36

 

 

Kirgisistan

               199,96

                       -  

                          34,28

                        12

 

 

Kiribati

                   1,03

             3.459,13

                          38,46

                          5

 

 

Kolumbien

            1.145,03

                730,74

                            8,60

                      105

 

 

Komoren

                   1,70

                165,51

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Kongo

               343,74

                  39,86

                            9,09

                          3

 

 

Kroatien

                 56,86

                  55,46

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Kuba

               111,64

                365,76

                          23,01

                        52

 

 

Kuweit

                 17,42

                  11,90

                            2,56

                          1

 

 

L

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Laos

               231,28

                       -  

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Lesotho

                 30,50

                       -  

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Lettland

                 64,50

                  28,88

                            4,39

                        49

 

 

Libanon

                 10,33

                  19,32

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Liberia

                 96,63

                247,77

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Libyen

            1.622,62

                357,90

                          16,67

                          4

 

 

Liechtenstein

               167,00

                       -  

                          23,81

                        10

 

 

Litauen

                 64,70

                    6,13

                            1,04

                        11

 

 

Luxemburg

                   2,60

                       -  

                          32,48

                        64

 

 

M

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Madagaskar

               594,72

             1.205,83

                          21,02

                        33

 

 

Malawi

               118,86

                       -  

                            3,76

                          5

 

 

Malaysia

               331,70

                451,74

                          27,43

                      197

 

 

Malediven

               305,00

                922,11

                            3,23

                          2

 

 

Mali

            1.256,68

                       -  

                          13,33

                          4

 

 

Malta

               325,00

                  55,70

                            1,24

                          4

 

 

Marokko

               407,28

                276,14

                            3,12

                        10

 

 

Marschallinseln

               282,00

             2.004,59

                          43,75

                          7

 

 

Mauritius

                   2,06

             1.280,07

                          25,00

                        11

 

 

Mazedonien

                 25,44

                       -  

                            2,44

                          2

 

 

Mexiko

            1.965,29

             3.284,66

                            8,20

                        94

 

 

Mikronesien

               817,00

             3.011,92

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Monaco

                   2,00

                284,00

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Mongolei

            1.565,86

                       -  

                          41,66

                        45

 

 

Mosambik

               791,08

                574,41

                            8,06

                          5

 

 

Montenegro

                 13,85

                    7,46

                          10,72

                          6

 

 

Myanmar

               673,08

                514,15

                          15,69

                          8

 

 

N

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Namibia

               827,47

                562,73

                            6,08

                          9

 

 

Nepal

               147,71

                       -  

                          20,41

                        10

 

 

Neuseeland

               269,65

             4.106,95

                            4,18

                      241

 

 

Nicaragua

               129,22

                223,94

                            3,16

                          3

 

 

Niederlande

                 35,21

                  64,21

                            4,55

                        21

 

 

Niger

            1.190,10

                       -  

                            8,34

                          2

 

 

Nigeria

               914,31

                182,87

                            1,30

                        13

 

 

Norwegen

               325,29

                926,32

                          75,57

                   2.373

 

 

O

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Oman

               310,37

                538,98

                          12,50

                          2

 

 

Österreich

                 83,91

                       -  

                            2,00

                        33

 

 

Osttimor

                 15,01

                  42,50

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

P

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Pakistan

               798,14

                222,74

                          12,50

                          2

 

 

Palau

               501,00

                608,15

                          12,13

                          8

 

 

Panama

                 75,50

                332,64

                          12,63

                        12

 

 

Papua-Neuguinea

               467,41

             2.407,38

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Paraguay

               401,50

                       -  

                          17,35

                        17

 

 

Peru

            1.298,54

                838,33

                            5,95

                        15

 

 

Philippinen

               298,78

             1.835,03

                            6,60

                        37

 

 

Polen

               311,92

                  31,95

                            0,64

                        20

 

 

Portugal

                 92,14

             1.724,16

                            8,63

                        39

 

 

R

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Republik Korea

                 99,71

                324,99

                            0,91

                        31

 

 

Republik Moldau

                 33,96

                       -  

                            7,58

                          5

 

 

Ruanda

                 25,45

                       -  

                          20,00

                          2

 

 

Rumänien

               237,45

                  29,73

                            3,69

                        58

 

 

Russische Förderation

          16.874,84

             7.673,31

                            1,37

                      154

 

 

S

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Salomonen

                 29,19

             1.609,76

                            1,11

                          1

 

 

Sambia

               755,64

                       -  

                            2,96

                        19

 

 

Samoa

                   2,89

                132,31

                            7,07

                          7

 

 

Saudi-Arabien

            1.934,06

                220,34

                          25,72

                        18

 

 

Schweden

               449,39

                154,98

                          18,70

                   3.824

 

 

Schweiz

                 41,36

                       -  

                            8,08

                      553

 

 

Senegal

               197,92

                158,43

                            4,72

                          6

 

 

Serbien

                 88,51

                       -  

                            3,21

                        12

 

 

Seychellen

               487,00

             1.340,84

                          35,00

                        14

 

 

Sierra Leone

                 72,71

                160,45

                          10,00

                          5

 

 

Simbabwe

               392,57

                       -  

                            5,60

                        13

 

 

Singapur

               605,00

                763,00

                        100,00

                          4

 

 

Slowakei

                 48,94

                       -  

                          19,37

                      367

 

 

Slowenien

                 20,31

                186,00

                            2,41

                        58

 

 

Somalia

               637,99

                784,50

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Spanien

               507,01

             1.005,72

                            4,00

                      173

 

 

Sri Lanka

                 66,63

                534,09

                          70,76

                      467

 

 

St. Kitts und Nevis

               271,00

                  10,26

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

St. Lucia

               622,00

                  15,56

                            2,38

                          1

 

 

St. Vinzent und die Grenadinen

               410,00

                  36,51

                            7,27

                          4

 

 

Südafrika

            1.224,39

             1.542,56

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Sudan

            1.871,25

                  66,79

                          13,04

                          3

 

 

Suriname

               147,56

                128,36

                            9,09

                          2

 

 

Syrien

               188,61

                  10,20

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

T

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Tadschikistan

               142,24

                       -  

                          23,07

                          6

 

 

Taiwan

                 36,25

                343,00

                          31,53

                        29

 

 

Tansania

               947,25

                243,13

                            2,62

                        22

 

 

Thailand

               517,79

                306,89

                          86,13

                      205

 

 

Togo

                 57,48

                  15,52

                            3,26

                          3

 

 

Tonga

               767,00

                668,06

                            6,00

                          3

 

 

Trinidad und Tobago

                   5,21

                  75,80

                            9,09

                          4

 

 

Tschad

            1.276,59

                       -  

                          13,04

                          3

 

 

Tschechische Republik

                 77,92

                       -  

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Türkei

               782,24

                255,93

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Tunesien

               155,23

                100,66

                            0,68

                          1

 

 

Turkmenistan

               472,14

                  77,89

                          25,00

                          8

 

 

Tuvalu

                 42,00

                731,90

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

U

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Uganda

               243,15

                       -  

                            1,41

                        10

 

 

Ukraine

               598,83

                134,87

                            0,51

                        27

 

 

Ungarn

                 93,14

                       -  

                            0,57

                          5

 

 

Uruguay

               178,46

                130,10

                          18,18

                          4

 

 

Usbekistan

               450,36

                       -  

                          55,55

                        10

 

 

V

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Vanuatu

                 12,58

                622,07

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Venezuela

               917,37

                473,33

                          17,13

                        43

 

 

Vereinigte Arabische Emirate

                 70,92

                  54,71

                            3,92

                          2

 

 

Vereinigte Staaten

            9.490,39

             8.591,49

                            5,79

                   1.973

 

 

Vereinigtes Königreich

               245,25

                723,41

                          42,86

                          6

 

 

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Westsahara

               268,34

                252,02

                                -  

                         -  

 

 

Z

Landesfläche

Meeresfläche 

Geschützte Fläche Land & Meer 

Anzahl der Schutzgebiete

 

 

 

in km²

in km²

in %

2020

 

 

Zentralafrikanische Republik

               624,57

                       -  

                          13,16

                          5

 

 

Zypern

                   9,06

                  98,28

                          16,92

                        22

 

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