Protected Areas of the world

Below is a list of countries worldwide and the total area of land protected in each country. This data is based on the criteria of the World Conservation Union (IUCN), which was produced on behalf of the UNO. The 'protected areas' are referred to as such according to Criteria I and II of the IUCN. In the 'Total Number of Protected Areas' all protected natural areas of a country are included, even if they don't meet ICUN Criteria I and II.

Searching for a particular country? Just click on the first letter of the country you are interested in:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
CountryAreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
A  
Afghanistan652,225613 (0.09%)0 (0.00%)17
Albania28,7481,460 (5.08%)0 (0.00%)83
Algeria2,381,741118,276 (4.97%)0 (0.00%)110
Andorra4680 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)3
Angola1,246,70054,176 (4.35%)54 (0.00%)15
Antigua and Barbuda44213 (2.96%)53 (12.04%)29
Argentina2,780,40045,439 (1.63%)9 (0.00%)345
Armenia29,8002,803 (9.41%)0 (0.00%)38
Australia7,692,030553,201 (7.19%)97,283 (1.26%)10,302
Austria83,8711,545 (1.84%)0 (0.00%)1,276
Azerbaijan86,6004,946 (5.71%)0 (0.00%)57
B AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Bahrain71152 (7.31%)531 (74.68%)6
Bangladesh147,5700 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)47
Barbados4300 (0.00%)2 (0.53%)14
Belarus207,5953,036 (1.46%)0 (0.00%)452
Belgium32,5453,135 (9.63%)0 (0.00%)3,865
Belize22,9651,130 (4.92%)94 (0.41%)107
Benin112,6227,775 (6.90%)0 (0.00%)58
Bhutan46,5008,643 (18.59%)0 (0.00%)9
Bolivia1,098,58183,920 (7.64%)0 (0.00%)72
Bosnia and Herzegovina51,1290 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)44
Botswana581,730104,529 (17.97%)0 (0.00%)80
Brazil8,547,404442,308 (5.17%)3,409 (0.04%)1,864
Brunei5,7651,368 (23.73%)1 (0.02%)57
Bulgaria110,9942,671 (2.41%)0 (0.00%)1,373
Burkina Faso274,2005,343 (1.95%)0 (0.00%)90
Burundi27,8340 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)16
C AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Cambodia181,0355,615 (3.10%)60 (0.03%)46
Cameroon475,44228,082 (5.91%)0 (0.00%)104
Canada9,984,670767,579 (7.69%)30,482 (0.31%)3,770
Cape Verde4,0360 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)6
Central African Republic622,98433,038 (5.30%)0 (0.00%)38
Chad1,284,0004,140 (0.32%)0 (0.00%)20
Chile756,09682,402 (10.90%)203,387 (26.90%)179
China9,572,4190 (0.00%)469 (0.00%)2,149
Colombia1,141,74867,950 (5.95%)982 (0.09%)639
Comoros1,8620 (0.00%)404 (21.70%)4
Congo2,344,885112,181 (4.78%)0 (0.00%)51
Congo-Brazzaville342,00022,461 (6.57%)0 (0.00%)21
Costa Rica51,1007,068 (13.83%)3,582 (7.01%)185
Côte d’Ivoire322,46218,625 (5.78%)1 (0.00%)240
Croatia56,542789 (1.39%)218 (0.39%)476
Cuba110,8605,932 (5.35%)7,456 (6.73%)274
Cyprus9,251195 (2.11%)0 (0.00%)114
Czech Republic78,8662,848 (3.61%)0 (0.00%)5,218
D AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Denmark43,096323 (0.75%)11 (0.02%)450
Djibouti23,2000 (0.00%)3 (0.01%)4
Dominica751105 (13.99%)4 (0.47%)11
Dominican Republic48,4226,823 (14.09%)68,726 (141.93%)87
E AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Ecuador256,37031,588 (12.32%)200 (0.08%)125
Egypt1,002,0006,684 (0.67%)2,437 (0.24%)50
El Salvador21,04118 (0.08%)0 (0.00%)170
Equatorial Guinea28,0513,543 (12.63%)2 (0.01%)16
Eritrea121,1440 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)4
Estonia45,2271,982 (4.38%)0 (0.00%)13,354
Ethiopia1,133,38035,401 (3.12%)0 (0.00%)104
F AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Fiji18,376201 (1.09%)1 (0.01%)142
Finland338,14410,231 (3.03%)1,503 (0.44%)11,901
France543,9652,686 (0.49%)18 (0.00%)3,709
G AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Gabon267,6670 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)34
Gambia11,29555 (0.49%)0 (0.00%)12
Georgia69,7004,973 (7.13%)0 (0.00%)65
Germany357,0236,944 (1.95%)3,371 (0.94%)22,919
Ghana238,537550 (0.23%)0 (0.00%)321
Greece131,957974 (0.74%)1 (0.00%)1,263
Grenada3450 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)32
Guatemala108,8891,279 (1.17%)0 (0.00%)259
Guinea245,857512 (0.21%)0 (0.00%)124
Guinea-Bissau36,125656 (1.81%)1,422 (3.94%)33
Guyana214,969627 (0.29%)0 (0.00%)5
H AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Haiti27,75050 (0.18%)0 (0.00%)8
Honduras112,4926,621 (5.89%)0 (0.00%)111
Hungary93,0302,203 (2.37%)0 (0.00%)692
I AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Iceland103,00016,278 (15.80%)45 (0.04%)125
India3,287,26337,259 (1.13%)649 (0.02%)669
Indonesia1,912,988129,260 (6.76%)80,032 (4.18%)751
Iran1,648,00016,187 (0.98%)10 (0.00%)185
Iraq438,3170 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)8
Ireland70,273592 (0.84%)0 (0.00%)87
Israel20,99132 (0.15%)0 (0.00%)282
Italy301,33615,714 (5.21%)906 (0.30%)3,510
J AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Jamaica10,9910 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)169
Japan377,8378,147 (2.16%)9,614 (2.54%)333
Jordan89,3420 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)28
K AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Kazakhstan2,717,30015,578 (0.57%)0 (0.00%)108
Kenya580,36734,322 (5.91%)44 (0.01%)399
Kiribati811204 (25.12%)342 (42.23%)16
Kuwait17,818330 (1.85%)0 (0.00%)37
Kyrgyzstan199,9002,933 (1.47%)0 (0.00%)34
L AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Laos236,8000 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)34
Latvia64,5894,301 (6.66%)0 (0.00%)1,051
Lebanon10,45235 (0.33%)0 (0.00%)24
Lesotho30,3550 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)3
Liberia97,7540 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)35
Libya1,775,5000 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)26
Liechtenstein16013 (8.18%)0 (0.00%)41
Lithuania65,3011,814 (2.78%)125 (0.19%)835
Luxembourg2,586352 (13.60%)0 (0.00%)187
M AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Macedonia25,7131,396 (5.43%)0 (0.00%)65
Madagascar587,04111,088 (1.89%)95 (0.02%)147
Malawi118,4848,764 (7.40%)0 (0.00%)132
Malaysia329,73315,791 (4.79%)233 (0.07%)742
Maldives298194 (65.03%)0 (0.00%)25
Mali1,240,1923,808 (0.31%)0 (0.00%)35
Malta3160 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0
Marshall Islands18156 (31.11%)0 (0.00%)4
Mauritania1,030,7000 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0
Mauritius2,04066 (3.22%)0 (0.00%)32
Mexico1,953,1622,769 (0.14%)6,294 (0.32%)1,004
Micronesia7000 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)24
Moldova33,800194 (0.57%)0 (0.00%)66
Monaco20 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)4
Mongolia1,564,116190,519 (12.18%)0 (0.00%)69
Morocco458,73031 (0.01%)0 (0.00%)235
Mozambique799,38017,106 (2.14%)1,274 (0.16%)50
Myanmar676,55210,171 (1.50%)0 (0.00%)65
N AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Namibia824,292100,413 (12.18%)45 (0.01%)191
Nauru210 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0
Nepal147,1818,938 (6.07%)0 (0.00%)37
Netherlands41,5261,422 (3.42%)0 (0.00%)2,410
New Zealand270,53433,858 (12.52%)7,731 (2.86%)3,993
Nicaragua120,2544,103 (3.41%)4,335 (3.61%)94
Niger1,267,00015,000 (1.18%)0 (0.00%)24
Nigeria923,76828,594 (3.10%)0 (0.00%)1,000
North Korea122,7621,501 (1.22%)0 (0.00%)34
Norway323,75937,786 (11.67%)911 (0.28%)2,920
O AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Oman309,50028,928 (9.35%)357 (0.12%)6
P AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Pakistan796,0958,600 (1.08%)221 (0.03%)178
Palau50822 (4.32%)193 (37.95%)29
Panama75,5178,427 (11.16%)2,562 (3.39%)95
Papua New Guinea462,8400 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)71
Paraguay406,75215,194 (3.74%)0 (0.00%)44
Peru1,285,21679,647 (6.20%)0 (0.00%)200
Philippines300,0007,752 (2.58%)1,340 (0.45%)535
Poland312,6851,984 (0.63%)47 (0.02%)2,853
Portugal92,3451,072 (1.16%)4 (0.00%)407
Q AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Qatar11,4370 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)5
R AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Romania238,3916,164 (2.59%)0 (0.00%)1,309
Russia17,075,400370,170 (2.17%)198,287 (1.16%)11,426
Rwanda26,3381,020 (3.87%)0 (0.00%)11
S AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Saint Kitts and Nevis2690 (0.06%)0 (0.00%)21
Saint Lucia6160 (0.02%)0 (0.00%)83
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines3890 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)40
Samoa2,83155 (1.95%)0 (0.00%)84
San Marino610 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)0
São Tomé e Príncipe1,0010 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)4
Saudi Arabia2,240,00010,180 (0.45%)0 (0.00%)128
Senegal196,7229,419 (4.79%)541 (0.27%)123
Serbia and Montenegro91,2861,421 (1.56%)0 (0.00%)116
Seychelles454266 (58.61%)193 (42.45%)25
Sierra Leone71,7402,077 (2.89%)0 (0.00%)58
Singapore68329 (4.23%)0 (0.00%)8
Slovakia49,0344,141 (8.45%)0 (0.00%)1,560
Slovenia20,253911 (4.50%)0 (0.00%)2,250
Solomon Islands27,55611 (0.04%)0 (0.00%)95
Somalia637,6570 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)25
South Africa1,219,08023,099 (1.89%)241 (0.02%)973
South Korea99,3135,585 (5.62%)557 (0.56%)314
Spain504,7822,138 (0.42%)121 (0.02%)2,728
Sri Lanka65,6104,767 (7.27%)5 (0.01%)437
Sudan2,505,81322,500 (0.90%)12 (0.00%)23
Suriname163,26516,084 (9.85%)0 (0.00%)22
Swaziland17,3630 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)8
Sweden449,96441,713 (9.27%)1,648 (0.37%)17,088
Switzerland41,285170 (0.41%)0 (0.00%)6,203
Syria185,1800 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)19
T AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Taiwan36,0063,848 (10.69%)3,848 (10.69%)44
Tajikistan143,10017,493 (12.22%)0 (0.00%)0
Tanzania945,08753,248 (5.63%)3 (0.00%)646
Thailand513,115117,205 (22.84%)4,524 (0.88%)243
The Bahamas13,939974 (6.99%)447 (3.21%)44
Timor-Leste14,6090 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)29
Togo56,7853,573 (6.29%)0 (0.00%)95
Tonga74852 (6.97%)15 (1.97%)22
Trinidad and Tobago5,128128 (2.49%)0 (0.00%)90
Tunisia163,610282 (0.17%)47 (0.03%)101
Turkey779,4525,633 (0.72%)0 (0.00%)312
Turkmenistan488,10018,681 (3.83%)0 (0.00%)33
Tuvalu260 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)6
U AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Uganda241,54811,189 (4.63%)0 (0.00%)712
Ukraine603,7007,999 (1.33%)0 (0.00%)5,238
United Arab Emirates77,700225 (0.29%)0 (0.00%)25
United Kingdom242,9100 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)10,256
United States9,809,1550 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)22,597
Uruguay176,215120 (0.07%)212 (0.12%)24
Uzbekistan447,40016,040 (3.59%)0 (0.00%)18
V AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Vanuatu12,1900 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)35
Venezuela912,050128,379 (14.08%)3,570 (0.39%)251
Vietnam331,1144,649 (1.40%)7 (0.00%)224
W AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Western Sahara252,1200 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)1
Y AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Yemen536,8690 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)10
Z AreaProtected AreaNumber of Areas
in km²Land km²Marine km²
Zambia752,6140 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)635
Zimbabwe390,75727,166 (6.95%)0 (0.00%)242

Data source and IUCN criteria:

Most of the data come from the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The following three criteria form the basis for this list:

Criteria Ia

Untouched nature, or rather a protected wilderness area: a large partof the land and/or the sea, with prominent or representative ecosystems, boasts geological or landscape features and/or accomodates rare or rather unique species. Primarily for scientific research and or environmental observation.

Criteria Ib

Large area of unmodified or slightly modified land and/or sea, retaining ist natural characteristics and influence, without permanent or significant habitation, which is protected and managed to preserve its natural condition.

Criteria II

Natural area of land and/or sea designated to (a) protect the ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems for present and future generations, (b) exclude exploitation or occupation inimical to the purposes of designation of the area and (c) provide a foundation for spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational and visitor opportunities, all of which must be environmentally and culturally compatible.

 

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